Reading Session

by - 17:22

In this session we will learn about narrative text. First, we will see a list of words and how to pronounce.

List of Words
  •   King                              /kɪŋ/                                         Raja                     
  • Kingdom                       /kɪŋ.dəm/                                 kerajaan               
  • Choose                         /tʃuz/                                        memilih                 
  • Successor                     /səkses.ə r /                             pengganti                
  •  Choice                          /tʃɔɪs/                                       pilihan                   
  • Difference                     /dɪf. ə r. ə n t s/                         perbedaan            
  • Temperament                /tem.p ə r.ə.mənt/                     Watak                   
  •  Rude                            /rud/                                          kasar                  
  •  Dishonest                     /dɪsɒn.ɪst/                                tidak jujur               
  • Consideration                /kənsɪd.əreɪ.ʃ ə n/                    pertimbangan        
  • Decision                       /dɪsɪʒ. ə n/                              keputusan                
  • Pretend                         /prɪtend/                                    pura- pura            
  • Powder                         /paʊ.də r /                                bubuk                   
  • Itch                               /ɪtʃ/                                           gatal                     
  • Demand                        /dɪmɑnd/                                  permintaan            

  • Social Function
To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual experience in different ways; Narratives deal with problematic events which lead to a crisis or turning point of some kind, which in turn finds a resolution.

  • Generic Structure
·         Orientation                : Sets of the scene and introduces the participants
·         Evaluation                 : a stepping back to evaluate the situation.
·         Complication             : a crisis arises
·         Resolution                 : the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
·         Re-orientation           : optional

  •  Language Features
·         Focus on specific and usually individualized participants
·         Use of Material processes
·         Use of past tense

Read the passage below.

Lutung Kasarung


Once upon a time, there was a king named Prabu Tapa Agung who  had led a kingdom in West Java for a long time. He was getting old and therefore wanted to choose a successor. But unfortunately, he had no son. He thought of choosing one of his daughters, Purbararang and Purbasari. But it wasn’t an easy choice. They were both very pretty and smart. The only difference was their temperament. Purbararang was rude and dishonest, while Purbasari was kind and caring. With those considerations, Prabu Tapa Agung finally chose Purbasari to be his successor.

Purbararang didn’t agree with her father’s decision. “It’s supposed to be me, Father. I’m the eldest daughter!” Purbararang said. Prabu Tapa Agung smiled. “Purbararang, to be a queen takes more than age. There are many other qualities that one must possess,” explained Prabu Tapa Agung wisely. “What does Purbasari have that I don’t?” Purbararang pouted. “You’ll find out when Purbasari has replaced me,” Prabu Tapa Agung answered.

After the discussion, Purbararang went back to her room. “Is there something wrong?” asked Indrajaya. Indrajaya is Purbararang’s future husband. “I’m upset! Father chose Purbasari as his successor and not me! I have to do something!” Purbararang said. Driven mad by her anger, she came to a witch and asked her to send rash all over Purbasari’s body. Before going to bed, Purbasari started to feel itch all over her body. She tried applying powder to her body, but it’s no use. Instead, the itching grew even worse. She didn’t want to scratch it, but she just couldn’t help it. In the next morning, there were scratch mark all over Purbasari’s body. “What happened to you?” asked Purbararang, pretending to be concerned. “I don’t know, sis. Last night, my body suddenly felt very itchy. I scratched and scratched, and this is what happened,” Purbasari answered. Purbararang shook her head. “You must have done something really awful. You’ve been punished by the gods!”

That day, the whole kingdom was scandalized. “What have you done, Purbasari?” demanded Prabu Tapa Agung. Purbasari shook her head. “I didn’t do anything that would upset the gods, Father,” she answered. “Then how can you explain what happened to your body?” Prabu Tapa Agung asked again. “If you don’t confess, I’ll banish you to the woods.” Purbasari took a deep breath. “Like I said before, I didn’t do anything wrong. And I’d rather be thrown into the woods than to confess to a deed I didn’t commit.”

After a short discussion with his advisor, Prabu Tapa Agung ordered Purbasari to be moved to the woods. 

Purbasari was very sad, but she couldn’t do anything to defy her father’s order. She was accompanied to the woods by a messenger. He built a simple hut for Purbasari. After the messenger left, suddenly a black monkey came to Purbasari’s hut. He carried a bunch of bananas. From behind him, some animals looked on. “Are the bananas for me?’ Purbasari asked. The black monkey nodded, as if he understood what Purbasari said. Purbasari took the bananas with pleasure. She also said thanks. The other animals that were looking on also seemed to smile. “Are you willing to be my friend?” Purbasari asked them. All the animals nodded happily. Although she was living by herself in the woods, Purbasari never lacked of supplies. Everyday, there were always animals bringing her fruits and fish to eat.

A long time had passed since Purbasari was banished to the woods, but her body still itched. At some places, her skin was even ulcerating. What am I supposed to do?” Purbasari sighed. The monkey who was sitting next to her stayed still, there were tears in his eyes. He hoped Purbasari would remain patient and strong.

One night, on a full moon, the monkey took Purbasari to a valley. There is a pond with hot spring water. The monkey suddenly spoke, “The water of this pond will heal your skin,” he said. Purbasari was surprised, ”You can talk? Who are you?” she asked. “You’ll find out, in time,” the monkey said. Purbasari didn’t want to force the monkey. She then walked to the pond. She bathed there. After a few hours, Purbasari walked out of the pond. She was shocked to see her face reflected on the clear pond water. Her face was beautiful again, with smooth and clean skin. Purbasari observed her entire body. There were no traces of any skin ailments. “I’m cured! I’m cured!” Purbasari shouted in joy. She quickly offered thanks to the gods and also to the monkey.

The news of Purbasari’s condition quickly spread to the kingdom, irritating Purbararang. She then accompanied by Indrajaya go to the woods to see Purbasari. Purbasari asked if she would be allowed to go home. Purbararang said she would let Purbasari return to the palace if Purbasari’s hair were longer than hers. Purbararang then let her hair down. It was so long, it almost touched the ground. But it turned out that Purbasari’s hair was twice longer than Purbararang’s hair.

“Fine, so your hair is longer than mine.” Purbararang admitted. “But there is one more condition you must fulfill, do you have a future husband who is handsomer than mine?” said Purbararang as she walked toward Indrajaya. Purbasari felt miserable. She didn’t have a future husband yet. So, without much thought, she pulled the black monkey beside her.

Purbararang and Indrajaya burst out, but their laughter didn’t last long. The monkey meditates and suddenly transformed into a very handsome young man, a lot more handsome than Indrajaya. “I’m a prince from a kingdom far away. I was cursed to be a monkey because of a mistake I committed. I could regain my true form only if there’s a girl who would be willing to be my wife,” said the young man.

Finally, Purbararang gave up. She accepted Purbasari as the queen, and also confessed everything she had done. “Please forgive me. Please don’t punish me,” Purbararang said, asking for forgiveness. Instead of being angry, Purbasari smiled. “I forgive you, sis,” she said. Soon after, Purbasari become queen. Beside her was the handsome prince, the former monkey known as Lutung Kasarung.

Excercise 2

For your Home Fun, please try to find all verbs in the narrative text above.

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  1. Strenghts: You had created a good blog i think. Choosing traditional folklore is a great idea in your reading material, since it can enhance students understanding about traditional story.
    Weaknesses: There is no generic structure in your reading text.
    Suggestion: to make an ease understanding to your students,you may categorize the text based on the generic structure. In the end of session, I think you need to add some conversation sentencesto your reader, for example asking their understanding and such.

  2. Thanks for providing me references of the story. It is an good-looking overview because the picture is interesting.
    However, I cannot listen to the pronounciation, may be because of my internet connection. More, im still confuse to pronounce the word. Would you help me by providing the stress?
    Thank you ^^


  3. the reading passage is interesting because you added some picture to make the story more clear. i think it is better if you give some explanation about narrative text like what the narrative text is, the goal of narrative text, and the generic structure of narrative text. Those explanation can make your student to be more understood with narrative text.

    1. Thank you for the comments and the suggestions as well.

  4. what a good story of Indonesian culture, it's so conservative...
    this story will enrich readers' understanding in reading skill plus their national knowledge.
    and the weakness assessment from me is just the same with both commentators above

    1. Thank you for the comments and the suggestions as well.

  5. Student:
    Strength: It's interesting blog. You give many great materials. I can learn from this blog.
    Weakness: I'm confusing how to use it. I don't know which one that I should open.
    Suggestion: Please give the student directions.

  6. Teacher:
    Very good how you are creating this website.
    Just make this blog simple as possible. Also, in the part "introduction to use", if it's possible you can delete it. I think, it's not about your content.

  7. Master of ICT:
    Well, quite good I think. You can make interesting website. Just, improve your blog.

    1. Thank you for the comments and the suggestions as well.

  8. how to use/ open the audio?
    is it for junior high/senior high?

  9. Thank you for the comments and the suggestions as well. It is for Senior High School. If you want to play the audio, you just have to click it, then it will be played right on. Thank you.